韦宗友:“中美战略竞争、美国“地位焦虑”与特朗普政府对华战略调整”
  发布时间: 2018-09-05   访问次数: 14

韦宗友:“中美战略竞争、美国“地位焦虑”与特朗普政府对华战略调整”,《美国研究》,2018年第4

【内容提要】21世纪以来,随着中国实力快速崛起及美国实力的相对衰落,中美两国在经济、安全及国际制度等领域展开了具有战略博弈性质的竞争。对此,美国倍感焦虑,担心经济影响在亚洲消退、海权优势在西太平洋地区受到挑战、科技优势丧失及制度威望受到冲击。美国的“地位焦虑”,在奥巴马执政时期已经若隐若现,特朗普执政后,显著加剧。特朗普政府不仅对美国对华接触政策提出质疑,还明确将中国界定为战略竞争对手,在经贸、人文、两岸关系等方面采取了一系列新政策举措,强化对华制衡与牵制。对于特朗普政府的对华战略调整,我们一方面要积极采取应对措施,另一方面要保持战略清醒与战略定力,防止中美关系走向全面对抗。  
【关键词】 美国军事与外交  中美关系  美国对华政策  特朗普政府  战略竞争  地位焦虑  
【作者简介】韦宗友,复旦大学美国研究中心教授


Wei Zongyou, “China-U.S. Strategic Competition, the U.S. Status Anxiety  and Donald J. Trump Administration's Strategic Adjustment toward  China,

The Chinese Journal of American Studies, No.4, 2018

【Abstract】 Since the beginning of this century, with  the ongoing power shift between China and the United States,the two countries  have been engaged in the ever-growing strategic competition in the areas of  economy, security, and institutions. The U.S. has been increasingly worried that  its economic influence in Asia, its scientific and technological superiority,  its maritime hegemony in the western Pacific, and its institutional prestige are  on the decrease as a result of China's rising power and heated status  competition in those areas. The Trump administration challenged the premise and  rational of decades-long U.S. engagement policy toward China, defined China as  the top strategic competitor of the United States of America,and took a series  of economic, political, and security measures to balance China.
【Key Words】U.S. Military and Diplomacy   Sino-U.S. Relations   U.S. China Policy    Donald J.Trump Administration     

      Strategic Competition    Status Anxiety  

【Author】Wei Zongyou, Professor of the Center for American  Studies, Fudan University