韦宗友:“特朗普政府国家安全战略与中美关系的未来”
  发布时间: 2018-04-19   访问次数: 64

韦宗友:“特朗普政府国家安全战略与中美关系的未来”,《当代美国评论》, 2018年第1期

Wei Zongyou,"The 2017 National Security Strategy of the United States of America  and the Prospect of China-U.S. Relations," 

Contemporary American Review,  No.1, 2018 

内容提要】 2017年年底特朗普政府颁布首份《美国国家安全战略报告》,这是一份充分体现特朗普总统本人及其安全团队对外政策理念、战略观及政策思路的战略文件。报告明确捍卫“美国第一”和“经济民粹主义”,鼓吹权力争夺和大国竞争,并将中国定性为美国的头号“战略竞争对手”和“修正主义国家”。 报告首次以“印太”代替了传统的“亚太”概念,将印太区域置于美国全球战略的首要地位,提出了以中国为战略竞争对手的印太战略框架。这一充满零和思维和火药味的战略文件如果付诸实施,它无疑将对中美关系的健康发展产生巨大影响,加剧中美之间的战略猜忌,侵蚀中美合作的基础,冲击中美经贸关系,甚至引发中美在印太地区的经济与安全竞争。中美两国需要认真审视和反思中美关系出现的问题,相向而行,努力使中美关系回到健康轨道,避免陷入“修昔底德陷阱”。 

关键词】 中美关系;《美国国家安全战略报告》;特朗普政府;印太战略 

作 者】 韦宗友,复旦大学美国研究中心教授 

【Abstract】The 2017 National Security Strategy Report of the United States  of America reflects the strategic vision and foreign policy thinking of Donald  J. Trump and his security team. It vehemently argues for America First and  economic populism, and plays up great power competition. In that context, it  defines China as a revisionist power and the No. one strategic competitor of the  United States. The strategy report also outlines an emerging Indo-Pacific  strategy which focuses on rolling back the influence of China in this area and  beyond. It will exacerbate the strategic suspicion between China and U.S. and  erode the foundation of future China-U.S. cooperation on issues ranging from  regional hotspots to global governance, if the strategy and measures prescribed  in it are fully implemented. What’s more, it will even ignite trade war between  China and the United States and lead to China-U.S. economic and even security  competition in the Indo-Pacific. To avoid this bleak prospect, both China and  U.S. should work hard with good faith and find a way to stabilize China-U.S.  relations.
【Keywords】  China-U.S. relations, 
The 2017 National Security Strategy of the United States of America,   The U.S. Indo-Pacific strategy,      The Trump  administration 

【Author】 Wei Zongyou, Professor of the Center for  American Studies, Fudan University